Apple acid

  • ihu na ihe mkpuchi ntutu na-egbuke egbuke,
  • Acidum malicum,

N'ihi nhazi nke mmepụta ihe nke hydroxysuccinic acid, a na-enweta ngwakọta n'ụdị onye agbụrụ (DL-malic acid), nke na-adịghị egosipụta ọrụ anya.

  • Onye na-ahụ maka acidity E296.

Na okike, enwere acid Organic dị iche iche, dịka ọmụmaatụ: citric, lactic ma ọ bụ butyric. A na-ahụkwa acid na apụl, nke anyị na-eri n'ihi uto ya pụrụ iche, ụbara vitamin, fiber na mineral. Kedu ihe njirimara na ojiji nke malic acid, kedu ebe enwere ike ịchọta ya? Ka anyị zaa ajụjụ a.

Njirimara antibacterial, nkwụsi ike, nchekwa na na-egbuke egbuke nke Acidum malicum bụ ndị ụlọ ọrụ ịchọ mma na ịma mma na-enwe ekele karịsịa. A na-eji malic acid mee ihe dị ka ihe mgbakwunye na ọtụtụ ihe ịchọ mma anyị na-eji kwa ụbọchị, dịka:

Acids eke sitere n'okike ejirila ogologo oge na ụlọ ọrụ. Malic acid na-eje ozi, n'etiti ihe ndị ọzọ, dị ka preservative na acidity regulator - ewu ewu E296 na-agbakwunyere na:

  • malic acid,
  • 2-hydroxybutanedioic acid;

HOOC–CH (OH)–CH2– COOH .

Malic acid bụ nke otu hydroxy acids eke. Nke a pụtara na ha nwere otu hydroxyl n'ime molekul, nke nwere ikuku oxygen (O) na hydrogen (H).

  • mgbochi mkpali,
  • antibacterial,
  • D-malic acid (n'ezie, ọ bụghị na-emekarị).
  • ude moisturize na mgbochi ịka nká,

N'ime ụlọ ọrụ kemịkalụ, a na-ejikwa malic acid na njikọ organic. Ekele maka ha, ọ ga-ekwe omume ịnweta, n'etiti ihe ndị ọzọ, esters na-eji na-emepụta ngwaahịa nhicha na ihe ịchọ mma. Njirimara bara uru nke Acidum malicum na-eji ndị na-emepụta ụlọ ọrụ ọgwụ. Organic acid n'ụzọ zuru oke na-akpali usoro nri nri ma na-eme ka ọnọdụ nke epidermis dịkwuo mma, ya mere a na-eji ya dị ka akụkụ nke rinses ọgwụgwọ, capsules na ihe mgbakwunye nri.

  • marmalade,
  • na-asachapụ milks na tonics na mmetụta na-emegharị ahụ (na-enye ume, na-egbuke egbuke, mgbochi pimples),
  • na-egbuke egbuke,

Malic acid - Njirimara na ọrụ

Kedu ihe bụ malic acid?

Kedu ka ị ga-esi kọwaa malic acid? Usoro nhazi nke Acidum malicum na kemistri bụ nke a:

  • na masks na-egbuke egbuke,
  • shampoos na ntutu isi (gụnyere: ndị na-egbuke egbuke, ndị na-edozi agba),
  • na aesthetic mgbochi ịka nká usoro.
  • hydroxysuccinic acid,

Ojiji nke malic acid na ụlọ ọrụ

  • exfoliating,

Usoro na malic acid bụ iji meziwanye ọnọdụ nke epidermis, na-egbochi usoro ịka nká cell na mmepụta nke nje bacteria. Site n'ikpughe akpụkpọ ahụ na acid siri ike, ị nwere ike wepụ ntụpọ afọ, ihe otutu ma belata pores na-adịghị mma.

  • na exfoliating ihu na ahu peels;
  • candies,
  • nri mkpọ,

Usoro izugbe nke malic acid bụ C 4 H 6 O 5.  Dị ka ihe na-arụ ọrụ anya, enwere ike kewaa acid a ụzọ abụọ:

Anyị amaralarị na malic acid bụ ngwakọta kemịkalụ organic. Emebere ihe a dị ka ngwaahịa sitere na usoro metabolic nke sugars ma na-eme n'okpuru ọtụtụ aha, dịka:

N'ime mmepụta nri, a na-eji ihe a na-akpọ E296 mee ihe dị ka otu n'ime ihe kachasị mma maka citric acid. Ekele ya, ngwaahịa ndị ahụ na-ejigide ịdị ọhụrụ na ọdịdị mara mma ogologo oge. Acid ahụ nke ọma na-egbochi turbidity na discoloration nke ihe dị iche iche.

Malic acid: ngwa na ịchọ mma na ụlọ ọrụ mma

A na-ahụ malic acid naanị na apụl na-etobeghị? Ọ bụghị n'ezie! A na-ahụkwa ihe acid a n'ọtụtụ mkpụrụ osisi ndị ọzọ - mkpụrụ osisi rowan, cherị, gooseberries, pears, quince, mkpụrụ vaịn. Ọ dị na ụfọdụ ụdị osisi perennial, dị ka rhubarb, nke na-ewu ewu ma nwee ekele na Poland. N'ọnụ ọgụgụ ụlọ ọrụ mmepụta ihe, ọ ga-esi ike ịnweta ọnụọgụ malic acid achọrọ site na mkpụrụ osisi naanị. Ya mere, ndị na-emepụta na-ejikarị Acidum Malicum, nke a na-enweta site na kemịkalụ ma ọ bụ usoro enzymatic.

  • jams,
  • nkwado nke metabolism nke mmadụ.
  • usoro nke acidity nke ihe ndị ọzọ,
  • jelii, wdg.

Kedu ihe ọzọ kwesịrị ịma gbasara malic acid? Ọ naghị esi ísì ma nwee ịdị arọ molekụla nke 134.09 g/mol. N'okpuru omume nke okpomọkụ dị elu karịa 140 Celsius C, na n'okpuru ọnọdụ anaerobic, Acidum malicum na-agbanwe ghọọ fumaric na maleic acid.

Kedu ka esi amata Acidum malicum? Ọ bụ ihe kristal na-acha ọcha ma ọ bụ na-acha odo odo nwere njirimara utoojoo uto, na-agbaze nke ukwuu na mmiri na ethanol. Mmekọrịta na kristal na-akpasu akpụkpọ ahụ na akpụkpọ anụ mucous nke anya mmadụ. L-malic na D-malic acid na-agbaze na 100 Celsius ma malite obụpde na 140 ° C. Ngwakọta ahụ nwere ọtụtụ ihe bara uru na mmetụta:

  • L-malic acid (n'aka ekpe, dị na mkpụrụ osisi),

Malic acid - ihe na-eme

  • eke rinses maka ntutu na mbọ .

N'afọ ndị na-adịbeghị anya, malic acid aghọwokwa mmasị na ndị na-ejikọta na ụlọ ọrụ mma. A na-eji ọgwụ nje antibacterial, antioxidant eme ihe na ọgwụgwọ akpụkpọ anụ na ntutu pụrụ iche. Gụnyere:

  • ihe nchekwa,

Organic acid bụ ihe dị mkpa na nri na ọgwụ.

Enwere ike ịzụta kemịkalụ dị elu na nke dị ọnụ ala, akụrụngwa ụlọ nyocha, iko ụlọ nyocha na Moscow na ụlọ ahịa ịntanetị. PrimeChemicalGroup na-enye nnukwu nhọrọ nke ngwa ahịa ma n'ùkwù na azụmaahịa. Oke ahụ na-ekpuchi ụdị kemịkalụ niile. Ị nwere ike zụta calcium chloride, zụta propylene glycol, zụta glycerin, zụta lactic acid, yana quartz crucible, Petri efere, nyocha itule, wdg na ọnụ ọnụ ahịa.

Ebe ọ bụ na acid a dị ntakịrị acidic karịa tartaric na citric acid, 15-30% ọzọ na-agbakwunye na ngwaahịa.

Apple acidOrganic acid na ihe ndị ha na-emepụta bụ otu n'ime ogige ndị a na-ahụkarị na ụwa anụmanụ na osisi. A na-eji ha arụ ọrụ n'ọtụtụ ebe nke kemịkalụ, textile, metallurgy, paper, cosmetics, pharmaceutical na ụlọ ọrụ nri. A na-ahụ kemịkalụ ndị a n'ihe na-esi ísì ụtọ, ihe ncha, agba, mmanụ mmanụ, wdg.

Tụkwasị na nke ahụ, a na-achọta ya n'ụdị nnu - malate (esters na salts nke malic acid). A naghị ahụ ya na mkpụrụ osisi cranberries na citrus.

Ọ bụ ezie na organic acids bụ ihe a na-akpọ acids "eke", ihe ndị a na-agbakasị ahụ ma nwee ike imebi ihe dị ukwuu n'anụ ahụ. Mgbe ị na-eji ihe ndị a na kemịkalụ ndị ọzọ, a ga-enwerịrị nlezianya pụrụ iche.

Ngwaahịa dị elu na ọrụ bụ isi ọrụ nke ụlọ ahịa n'ịntanetị nke akụrụngwa ụlọ nyocha na ngwaọrụ "PrimeChemicalGroup"!

A ghaghị ịkwado ebe ọrụ na ụzọ kwesịrị ekwesị nke ma mkpokọta na nke onye ọ bụla. Mgbe ị na-arụ ọrụ na acid, ọ dị mkpa iji:
- nitrile gloves ma ọ bụ nyocha nyocha, mkpuchi mkpuchi acid, uwe aka;
- nchebe ihu na anya: ihe mkpuchi nchebe, ọta;
- ngwaahịa rọba: akpụkpọ ụkwụ roba, apron;
- akụrụngwa nchebe iku ume: nzacha ihe mkpuchi gas, ndị na-eku ume.

1. Ụlọ ọrụ nri. N'ebe a, a na-eji malic acid ma ọ bụ ekpomeekpo E296 mee ihe dị ka ihe nchekwa, onye na-ahụ maka acidity, stabilizer, antiseptik na mmepụta nke ngwaahịa ndị a:
- mmiri ara ehi;
- ihe oriri: jelii, marmalade, marshmallows;
- ihe ọṅụṅụ carbonated na-abụghị mmanya na-aba n'anya;
- ngwaahịa oyi kpọnwụrụ: sherbets, ice cream;
- mmanya ngwaahịa.

Malic acid (malonic) bụ ihe na-emepụta ihe n'ụdị ntụ ntụ hygroscopic na-enweghị agba nke nwere ụtọ ụtọ, na-enweghị isi. Ọ bụ nke ezinụlọ nke mkpụrụ acids na bụ ihe kasị mkpa etiti ngwaahịa nke metabolism, adịghị nwere emerụ nsi mmetụta na mmadụ na anụmanụ ntule. Reagent kemịkalụ a bụ organic na okike, dịka a na-enweta ya site na ihe ọkụkụ, mana enwere ike imepụta ya nke ọma. Ọ na-agbaze nke ọma na ethanol, mmiri, adịghị mma - na ether. Ebe mgbaze bụ 100 Celsius. Acid enwetara sịntetically crystallizes ngwa ngwa karịa akwukwo nri acid, ma dissolves njọ na mmiri na agbaze na a elu okpomọkụ (ihe dị ka 130 Celsius C). Ọ bụ onye Sweden chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele kewapụrụ ya na apụl na-etobeghị na njedebe nke narị afọ nke 18.

Malic acid bụ kemịkalụ pụrụ iche na reagent na nchekwa

2. Ọgwụ. Malic acid bụ ihe dị mkpa na-eme ka ahụike dịkwuo mma:
- Na-echebe imeju;
- na-enye aka na mgbochi ọrịa akụrụ, ọbara mgbali elu;
- na-abawanye ụda;
- na-agwọ uremia;
- na-eme ka absorption na nhụsianya nke ọgwụ ike dịkwuo mma;
- na-ebelata mmetụta ọjọọ nke ọgwụ anticancer na mkpụrụ ndụ ọbara uhie;
- na-akwado mgbaze nkịtị;
- Na-etolite glycogen (ihe nchekwa ike pụrụ iche).

A na-achọta ihe a na:
Apple acid
- ụtaba na shag n'ụdị nnu nicotine;
- owu;
- akụkụ ahịhịa nke osisi: na-eto eto, agave, cactus;
- mkpụrụ osisi: barberry, plum, apụl na-eto eto, cherị, mkpụrụ vaịn, uyi ugwu, raspberries;
- mkpụrụ osisi legume na ọka;
- akwụkwọ nri: tomato.

3. Cosmetology. A na-ekpebi iji malic acid na cosmetology site na nhicha ya, antioxidant, exfoliating, moisturizing, antioxidant, mgbochi mkpali Njirimara. Ọ na-arụ ọrụ usoro metabolic na ọkwa cellular, na-eme ka wrinkles dị mma, na-eme ka akpụkpọ anụ dịkwuo mma ma na-eme ka ọ dịkwuo mma. Na mgbakwunye, ọ nwere ikike idowe mmiri n'ime sel ma mee ka ntụpọ afọ dị mfe. Gụnyere na peels, mgbochi-cellulite na ngwaahịa ịcha ọcha.

A na-ebufe ngwongwo ọ bụghị naanị na obodo, kamakwa na mpaghara Moscow dum.

Apple acidA na-ejikarị ya dị ka akụkụ nke injections amino acid, na-etinye aka na usoro metabolic nke ahụ (usoro Krebs). Otú ọ dị, isi ihe eji eme ihe bụ ihe na-edozi ahụ na laxatives na ọgwụ mgbochi hoarseness. Acid a, dị ka ihe mgbakwunye nri, adịghị emerụ ahụ, ya mere, ndị dọkịta ekpebibeghị oke nke ikike ikike kwa ụbọchị maka iri ya.

Ekwesịrị ịchekwa acids na ngwa ugegbe ụlọ nyocha pụrụ iche ( karama) ma ọ bụ poselin, ma mechiekwa ya nke ọma.


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